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Understanding Settlement Risk


As the name shows, a settlement risk is when one of the parties involved in a financial settlement, fails to abide by the contract terms at the time of the signing of the settlement. It is, in essence, the risk of default of payment when the settlement is done. The problem with this is that it can jeopardize the principle. As such, there are many financial services solutions that specialize in risk settlement.

There is also a timing issue in all of this. A prime example would be foreign exchange or forex trading, where timing is highly crucial. Another name for settlement risk is “Herstatt risk” which is a term coined after the failure of a German bank named Herstatt. In this situation, some banks had given Herstatt Deutschmarks in return for Dollars that was supposed to be given to a bank in New York. However, Herstatt closed down permanently before the funds were transferred to New York. This was due to the fact of time differences between the two countries. After that, the name stuck and the words “Herstatt Risk” has become synonymous with settlement risk.

What is a Settlement Period?

As mentioned, the settlement period is crucial in any transaction that faces settlement risk. Settlement period is defined as the time between the date of settlement and the date of a transaction. This time frame is put there to give the necessary parties enough time to fulfill their obligations. Both parties, in this case, are facing a risk. This is because the one who is buying needs to make the payment during the allotted time and the one who is selling, must make goods and services available during this time as well. There are allotted times that must be complied with for each type of transaction. For example, CD’s or Certificate of Deposits, transactions should happen on the same day itself. Forex transactions are given two days and so on. The key here is to have no doubts regarding the settlement period, and everything should go well.

Snail Mail and the Internet

Most of the rules regarding settlement period were written in a time before the internet existed. Therefore, the rules kept in mind the time it takes for the postal system to deliver the mail. This is why a generous amount of time was given for the settlement period. Nowadays, transactions can happen in a matter of seconds because of the internet. However, the rules regarding settlement period have not changed. Does this all mean that there are is no governmental organization looking over matters? The simple answer is no. The DTCC or the Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation has set up what is known as the NSCC (National Securities Clearing Corporation) which is a subsidiary to help protect everyone involved from settlement risk. The NSCC will keep everyone posted on the details of the transaction by confirming the settlement process. There have been various proposals of shortening settlement periods, but as of now, these have not gone into effect. However, it is never a bad idea to check with the broker, banker etc. just to be sure.

Forex Trader Pro-User Approved

First-string trading platform is FOREXTrader Pro by Forex.com, is a completely custom-built trading platform accessible through the web, download and all real mobile working systems.

FOREXTrader Pro deals with controlled financial products and the risk is great. Buyers should consider all the outcomes. This type of investment is not for just anybody. It is imperative to get an fundamental understanding of the foreign exchange market. Forex Trade Pro strives to enhance the trading experience and make trading more profitable. Trading tools minimize the risk. A trading platform is one of the most important features a fx broker offers as this is the conduit between yourself and that broker. The best forex broker platform for you will be based on their charting options, quote, interface and ability to execute orders quickly and accurately.

Notwithstanding this Forex.com restrictive platform, traders can select to choose to exchange using MetaTrader4 which offers more than 77 Forex and CFD markets. Traders can exploit other incorporated features including streaming news, extensive specialized research from Trading Central and in-house analysts as well as example acknowledgment software from Autochartist, an autonomous research supplier.

The MetaTrader 4 platform supports several request types including market orders, constrained orders, One Cancels Other (OCO’s), trailing stops, and stop orders. Given the decision of settling on the ForexTrader vs MetaTrader4 decision, it should be noticed that the last is used fundamentally for Forex and CFD trades. Despite its age, Metatrader 4 seemingly the highest quality level of Forex exchanging platforms, with numerous successful traders asserting it has never been bettered for straightforward retail exchanging use, albeit significant criticisms remain in regards to its capacity to back test strategies, as well as specific issues which can postpone execution speed as orders are crossed over through to specialist back offices. Autochartist is also accessible for use on FX Trader PRO and is an extremely useful program for all Forex.com platforms. Autochartist naturally detects rising graph patterns and exchange ideas in the Forex, record and commodity markets by continuously scanning markets amid exchanging hours. With regards to exchange execution, the instant Execution Mode is designed for use in combination with the a single tick managing highlight. At the point when Instant Execution mode is empowered, market orders might be executed at the requested rate or inside a user-specified deviation. Traders can characterize their own value resilience and get 5 digit evaluating. FOREXTrader PRO provides refreshed Reuters news and offers extensive research and analysis. Margins are accessible up to 200:1 on CFDs and up to 400:1 on FX. A record summary bar in the lower left corner of the exchanging platform window displays Required Margin and Available Margin, refreshed progressively. Accessible Margin represents the distinction between the Tradable Balance and the Margin Utilized.

Users enjoy the Forex Trader Pro platform. They love dealing with a large broker on an easily manipulated platform. Forex Trader Pro fits most budgets and investors really appreciate it’s integration into real time reviews, market updates, social trading and education.

How To Choose The Best Bank For Your Business Needs

One of the important decisions every businessperson must make is choosing the right bank to meet their needs. You need different things from a bank that handles your business needs than one that handles your personal needs. Therefore you should be prepared to do some research to find out the services they offer, their fee structure, the banking benefits they provide and the opportunities the bank provides for you to get to know and trust the staff and develop a relationship with them. The following are a few other things you will need to know about the bank that will handle your business.

Know What You Need From Your Bank

Do you need a bank through which you can get a business loan, get a line of credit or provide you with investment advice? Take a close look at the services banks in your area offer. Do they offer automatic bill payment and credit-card processing? If these and other specific things are important to your business, let them be among the first things you ask the banks with which that you are considering doing business. Before you commit, see how long it takes you to get a knowledgeable representative to respond to your questions and concerns. Let this help to inform the choice you make.

  1. Compare Banks Of Different Sizes

Some large national banks offer great interest rates and a large variety of services. Smaller regional or local banks may give businesses more personalized attention and be more committed to helping them grow. For some businesses the smaller local bank may be better suited to their needs. However, a large national bank may be able to provide the services your business needs to deal with customers all over the country. You must decide will group of elements is more important to your growing business.

  1. Investigate The Fee Structures

The way fees are structured can vary widely depending on the bank. When you are choosing a bank, be sure to ask about their fees. This should include fees for using the ATM, check writing fees and any other fees that may affect your business transactions. Some banks even charge a fee to get your monthly account statement. Even ask about fee for bank services like credit-card processing and wire transfers that you may need later.

  1. Find Out About The Bank’s Reputation

How a bank has treated other businesses in the past will give you an idea about how you will be treated. Your local professional network can share information about how various banks are known for treating businesspeople. They will let you now which ones have a reputation for providing businesses with quality customer service.

All these things can impact your ability to do business and affect your ability to establish a beneficial relationship with your bank.

General Tips For Buying Gold Bars


Gold bars are as fantastic investment that you must make today to ensure you are saving as much money as possible for your future. You are saving cash that may be used for other things in the future, and you are buying into a market that is quite healthy. Ensure that you have an understanding of the market, and you will begin to see a change in the value of your accounts.

#1: Why Gold?

Gold is the most stable investment in the world, and it has been for some time. It is an investment that will change your life, and it will help you have confidence in the money you have spent on investing. There are many things that you must do to keep your money safe, and simply turning to buy gold is the smartest of them all.

#2: Where To Buy Gold Bars

You may buy gold bars from a number of registered dealers, and they will offer you current market prices on the bars that allow for the longest rise in price. You must buy from someone who is certified to sell gold, and you will find that they are registered by international agencies to do such work. Anyone who does not quite understand the gold market may not sell to you in good faith, and you will be in danger of losing your money in the process.

#3: How Many Gold Bars Should You Buy?

You may keep adding gold bars to your collection of investments for as long as you like, and each gold bar you have chosen will be quite helpful for you. You may not realize how many you have collected, but a lifetime of doing so will ensure that you have been given all the tools required to retire well. You may sell the gold for profit, or you may leave them to your children.

#4: Will Gold Always Rise In Price?

Gold will continue to rise in price for many years to come, and it will go up over and over because it has been known to be the most-stable investment. Someone who is investing already knows that they will earn the most money from a gold investment, and it is often the safety that people use when they are looking for a better way to earn money. They will turn to gold when they need assurances, and they will receive them in the rising price of gold.

Gold bars are a lovely investment that you may make today without selling them for many years to come. You will have money to spend when you sell the bars in the future, and you will find it quite simple to invest for long term goals that you may not have had in the past. Each gold bar is quite expensive, and it will continue to rise in value until you are ready to sell it off to the highest bidder.

What Are High Yield Real Estate Investments


High yield real estate investments are investments that offer excellent returns on your money. There are a number of programs offered by companies nationwide that specialize in helping people to secure investment property that provide great returns. They include private lending and private alternative investment loans. These are private loans provided to real estate investors that offer high yield and low risk using the note as well as a deed of trust secured by real estate. Those investors typically use first or second mortgage to secure their legal interest and also their investment funds.

Some lenders use low loan-to-value ratios with high yield low risk investors in order to improve the security of the loan. Those LTV ratios are often between 60% and 75% of the property’s value. This adds security to the investment funds. Some high yield real estate investment funds use conservative investment principals as well as meticulous underwriting standards and are based on the belief that developing real estate offers a better return on investment than banks and the stock market. The goal of many companies is to offer real estate that offer yields in excess of 12% annually.

The strategy some companies use to get high yield real estate is to target sectors with artificially depressed real estate prices because of lack of available credit. They also look for sub-sectors where there’s less completion, invest in core markets that have intermediate and long-term high growth trends and purchase real estate that offers high cash-on-cash yields during the hold period. They also purchase real estate that will appreciate in the immediate and long term because of a dislocation between home ownership and renting. These companies analyze properties one by one looking for the best deals with using a buying formula.

Companies are able to offer high yield real estate investments because they buy real estate from distressed sellers where institutional capital is non-existent. These companies systematically source, manage, buy and rehab properties in under-served communities and produce huge dividends. They look for real estate with unlevered cash-on-cash yields of over 9% from rental operations. Properties offering cash-flow yields to investors of between 14% and 16% and purchase prices reflecting a 77% discount on replacement costs and houses that will sell for 4 times as much on average are the target.

High yield real estate investments are a way for investors to be able to almost guarantee they’ll make money in the long-term. Still, investors must remember there is some risk with high yield real estate and do their due diligence. They must also be realistic, pay attention to the details and understand the cause and effect relationships inherent in the real estate market. They should understand how and why a particular real estate investment is able to offer such a high yield. The investor should also understand how things like economic conditions, industry competitors and financial operating conditions could affect the return on their potentially high-yield real estate investment.

However, there’s great rewards for people investing in high yield real estate. It offers yields much higher than treasury securities and other safer alternatives. Many have great success with real estate investment trusts. These can be private or publicly traded and offer people the opportunity to invest in a broad or narrow real estate portfolio and claim the rental income.

The Essentials of Investing

What is investing as opposed to saving?

There’s a broad line that sets apart savings from investing.  When you set aside funds for the near-term, it’s called saving but allotting funds for the long-term, it’s investing.

In short, saving is just postponing a purchase or acquisition.

money-1604921_640Short-term time deposits, savings account, money market placements are good channels to put in money that you want to access immediately when needed.  Buying a family car, vacation packages, or paying for household emergencies are short-term needs usually funded from these accounts. The return is minimal but you’re assured of getting the principal once needed.

Goals that are long-term in nature such as setting aside funds for college education and retirement require purchasing assets proven to yield a higher return on investments (ROI).

While stocks and bonds are examples of such assets which you can purchase and hold for longer periods, financial planners advise diversification of investments.

Now that you got a glimpse of what investment is, it’s time to understand why it’s so important.  Below are four top reasons:

Reduces uncertainty

A financially secure individual has fewer uncertainties when it comes to financial stability.  You have cash reserves and are empowered to make investment decisions.

Helps achieve long-term goals

Future plans like buying a new home, sending kids to college, and building a retirement fund are future goals you want to accomplish.  To do this, you need to put your money in the right forms of investment.  The appropriate type will depend on your goals and your timetable.

Builds wealth

There are many investment options available in the market that will help you grow your money.  Bonds, stocks, and mutual funds are some of these options that could help build wealth within longer time frames of around seven years and beyond.

Shields you from inflation

Inflation devalues your money and so with your savings. Prices of goods and services keep on increasing every year.  Investing shields you from decline or loss of capital whenever prices soar.  A good way to fight inflation is to invest in assets that assure an ROI that’s higher than current inflation rates.  Equity investments are one such investment type that yields higher-than-inflation-rate ROI.

Whatever long-term goals you have set for yourself, remember that investing will always be an essential tool for achieving success.


Reaping the Benefits of Investing in Real Estate

Real estate is one of the preferred investments for it offers a lot of benefits.  Investors are assured of a steady ROI and acts as a hedge against inflation. It is one of the most flexible investments with satisfactory returns for those who know how to manage them well.

What follows are three benefits of investing in this type of asset.

Provides a steady stream of cash flows

If there’s one top advantage real estate investing has, it’s the stream of income that follows after purchasing real property and renting it out.  Owning a property and having it leased to a good tenant is one of the best ways to derive income.  Just be sure that the lease payments you’re getting would be more than enough to cover property taxes, insurance, repairs, mortgage, and related expenses.  The net amount you get after deductions is your monthly income.

Whenever your leased property produces satisfactory yield, you can use the same money to purchase another income generating property.  If managed wisely, a portfolio of leased properties can pay for themselves.

Space requirements whether for residential or office is growing constantly.  This alone makes purchasing real property a very solid and sound investment.


Can be purchased thru financing

painting-1770211_640A lot of banks and financial institutions offer mortgage loans payable over long periods of time – some may offer 30-year loans.  Of course, you have to pay the interest.  But when you consistently pay your monthly loan amortization, you get closer to paying your property in full.  Every month, your principal loan is reduced.  At the end of the loan term, you will have fully paid it.

In essence, you have actually purchased and eventually owned a property using other people’s money.  This won’t happen with other investments.

A useful piece of advice though is to ensure you maintain good credit standing.  A poor credit history can affect your chances of getting a loan.  You should be able to present a good credit image so pay all forms of debts on time.  If you do this, you’ll get instant access to a mortgage loan and invest in a property in no time.

Property prices appreciate

Properties in prime areas tend to appreciate fast.  Purchasing ones that are located in sought-after communities is a wise investment.  While we all know that prices of real estate could also go down, over the long term, it will still increase in value.  When property prices decline due to a slack in the economy or oversupply,  prices will always make a rebound.

It is a hard asset, therefore it protects owners from economic conditions like high inflation.  It becomes a hedge during hard times.

Investing in real estate is a top investment vehicle that will leave you reaping a lot of benefits.  It allows you to accumulate income without necessarily coughing out a lot of your own savings.

If managed wisely, you reap the benefits of investing in real property for life.


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General Tips For Buying Gold Bars

Gold bars are as fantastic investment that you must make today to ensure you are saving as much money as possible for your future....

Understanding Settlement Risk